“It Is Finished”
7 Last Sayings of Christ on the CROSS – Series
Text: John 19:30 (28-37)
Aim: To expound on what Christ completed
on the cross.
In 1921, Jennie Evelyn Hussey wrote the
hymn “Lead Me To Calvary. It starts out:
“King of my life I crown Thee
now— Thine shall Thy glory be;
Lest I forget Thy thorn-crowned brow, Lead
me to Calvary.
“Lest I forget Gethsemane; Lest I
forget Thine agony;
Lest I forget thy love for me, Lead me to
Will you please walk with me a sixth time up that lonely road
that leads to Calvary?
redemption’s price was paid.
Calvary where the
Just became the Justifier.
Calvary where the
Innocent One shed His blood for the guilty.
Calvary is the
place that covers my sin, my guilt, and my shame.
Calvary is where
mercy is great and grace is free.
Calvary where the
burdened soul can find liberty.
Calvary’s mountain one dreadful morn,
Christ my Saviour, weary and worn;
for sinners death on the cross,
That He might save them from endless loss.”
Redeemer! Precious Redeemer! Seems now I see Him on Calvary’s tree:
and bleeding for sinners pleading— Blind and unheeding— dying for
We have been looking back to the events on
Calvary to listen to the words, which the Lord Jesus Christ spoke from the
We have heard
Jesus’ pronouncement of forgiveness as said, “Father forgive them, they know not what they do.”
We have heard the
declaration of salvation as Jesus told the penitent thief, “Today thou shalt be with me in paradise.”
We heard the
appeal of provision spoken to Mary. “Women,
behold thy son” John, “Behold
Christ’s heart felt cry of desertion as He asked, “My God, My God why hast thou forsaken me?”
In the agony of
His suffering, we heard Jesus cry; “I
And now we hear once again from that old
rugged cross. What is it that we hear today?”
A painful moan, a sigh of torment, or a
wheezing cough from the lips of “JESUS of NAZERATH, the KING of the
NO, not a distressed voice, BUT a clarion cry. A cry of victory! “IT
until now, the Lord Jesus Christ has hung on the cross just over 6 hours (Mk.
1st three hrs. — 9 am to 12 noon —
Jesus hung in daylight.
He spoke of
forgiveness to his tormentors.
He saved the soul
of a thief at his side.
preparation for the future of his mother.
Next three hrs. — 12 noon to 3 p.m. — the sun
darkened over this world, as the heavenly Father turned His back on His very
own Son, who not only bore the penalty of sin, but became sin for you and me.
Christ then cried
twice in suffering.
1st dealt with spiritual suffering, “My God, my God, why…”
2nd dealt with physical suffering, “I thirst.”
Now, at the end of His suffering, He simply says, “It is Finished.”
When Jesus spoke this triumphal phrase
– “It is finished”
– He used only one Greek word,
“Telelestai” (root = teleo).
Jesus used that word at least five other times in His
Each time it is translated different,
giving us a glimpse of the whole meaning.
– “made an end”;
Luke 2:39 –
Luke 18:31 –
John 19:28 –
1. What is made an end of? Our sin and
2. What is performed? The uttermost
requirements of God’s law.
3. What is paid? The price of our
4. What is accomplished? The work the
Father gave Christ to do.
5. What is fulfilled? The prophecies of
Scripture, concerning His ministry on earth.
Bible times when:
completed their job or responsibility they would tell their master
completed the task.”
An OT Jewish
believer brought their sacrifice to the altar the High Priest would examine it
and declare, “Telelestai.” “It is perfect. It is
When a debtor
would offer their last payment on a debt the merchant would write on the
receipt “Telelestai.” “Paid in Full.”
is always a sense of satisfaction when a job is done. When we can add the word “finished” to a task at work,
at home or church, it is a real relief!
I miss my
children and wish that I could see them more often. With all the blessed joys
and wonderful memories that went in rearing our children I am not afraid to
say, I am glad that the pressure of nurturing my children is over.
like borrowing money, and am so delighted the day when we have paid off a bill.
When our anything
productive is completed, it is nice to say “Finished!”
unpleasant chapter in life is over, it is also good when we can say,
leave this world with their tasks unfinished.
The pen drops from the writer’s hand,
the artist’s brush falls before the painting is done.
But Christ is the great Finisher! He “is the author and finisher of our
Oh, I’m so glad that Jesus
wasn’t a quitter!
The words “It is finished!”
uttered by our Lord Jesus on the cross meant:
His task was
He had done all
that His Father had sent Him to do.
There was nothing
Every detail was
There were many times that He could have
quit and times He wanted to quit, but He pressed on knowing the joy that was
beyond the suffering and shame of the cross.
Because He didn’t quit, we can be
saved today. We can live victoriously in this life, through Christ, because He
was willing to endure the horror of Calvary that we might experience redemption
from our sin.
The words “It is finished” can
be placed over every part of Jesus’ life and ministry.
is “Finished” means that all the prophecies connected with His life
and death had been fulfilled UP to that time.
of prophecies had been written and Christ met each one face to face and
Luke 18:31, Jesus predicted of Himself – “And all things that are written by
the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished.”
is the most powerful proof revealing the truthfulness of the Bible!
is true because it comes from a God that is true who and who cannot lie.
is true because God promised that His truth would endure “to all generations”
if God predicts a thing, you can know that it will come to pass.
just SOME of the prophecies of
Christ fulfilled in His lifetime.
3:15 – God predicted that the “SEED” born of a woman would be
bruised in the heel, but would victoriously “crush” the head of
7:14 – The Seed’s birth would be miraculous – it was to be by
a woman one who knew no man – a virgin.
promised in Jer. 23:5, He would be a descendant of the seed of King David.
parents named Him Jesus in Lk. 2:21, which means “the Lord is
salvation.” This was the name an angel declared to Mary in Lk. 21:31,
BEFORE He was born.
were at least TWO Bethlehem’s in Israel. Micah 5:2 specifically named
Bethlehem Ephratah, Jesus’ hometown, as the place where the Messiah was
to be born.
11:1 prophesied that the Christ child would flee to Egypt as Joseph & Mary
fled with Him to escape the murder of babies carried out by Herod.
40:3; Mal. 3:1 tells us a messenger would be sent as a voice from the
wilderness to prepare the way for the entrance Jehovah. When as who he was,
John the Baptist declared He as the Messiah’s forerunner.
Messiah, Jesus would cause the lame to walk, the deaf to hear, and the dumb to
speak (Isa 35:5-6.
53:3tells us that when the Messiah came, He would be despised and rejected of
men, a man of sorrows.
10. Ps. 35:19;
69:4 – Christ would be hated without a cause. We read in Jn. 15:25
concerning Jesus, “But this cometh
to pass, that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.”
11. Ps. 41:9;
Zech 11:12 we are informed the Messiah would be betrayed by a friend and turned
over to the authorities for 30 pieces of silver.
12. In Zech
13:7we read that His disciples, as sheep, would scatter and forsake him the
very night of betrayal.
13. He would be
led to the slaughter, and numbered among transgressors (Isa. 53:7,12).
would gamble for His garments (Ps. 22:17-18).
15. He was to
be “bruised for man’s
iniquities” (Isa. 53:5).
16. On the day
of His crucifixion, He fulfilled over 30 prophecies.
17. In the
reading of our text in verses 36 (Ex. 12:46; Ps. 34:20) and 37 (Zech 12:10) we
have two more.
Jesus said, “It is finished” we know that all these things have
come to pass.
every prophecy concerning His first coming has been fulfilled.
know that all of the prophecies that speak about His Second Coming will also
come to pass.
first came to be the Saviour of the world, when He returns He will come as the
we read as we do in vs. 28, “all
things were now accomplished that the Scriptures might be fulfilled” or
as in vs. 36 “for these things were
done that the Scripture should be fulfilled.”
FINISHED all things that the Law of
FULFILLED all things prophecies
predicted – all things that
were foreshadowed in the OT.
PERFORMED all things that the Father
had given the Son to do.
the words – “It is FINISHED”– we have the entire scope
of our salvation presented. He COMPLETED all
things needed for our redemption.
that was needed to do was done to secure salvation.
finished work on Calvary is the very ground for our assurance, the very
foundation of our salvation and the very hope of heaven.
did all that He was asked by the Father to do.
He fulfilled every O. T. law and type.
is finished,” meant NOTHING
was left to be ACCOMPLISHED.
reason Jesus could fulfill all the predictions of God’s WORD was because
He as the living WORD of God. (John 1:1)
is “Finished” meant that His sufferings were over.
53:3 – “He
is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief:
and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him
was called the “Man of Sorrows”.
fitting title for the One who suffered at the hands of men, Satan, and God.
bruised Him and forsook Him on the cross because He bore our sins.
53:4-5 – “Surely
he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken,
smitten of God, and afflicted. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he
was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and
with his stripes we are healed.”
suffer at the hands of your enemies and have your foes inflicted pain upon is
one thing, but to suffer at hands of your His friends, at the hands of those
whom you love is most regretful.
lived His entire life under the shadow of the cross.
His first miracle, at the wedding in Cana, where all was gladness and laughter,
the shadow was there when He
said, “My time is not yet
come.” (Jn. 2:4).
He privately talked to Nicodemus in the night, the shadow was there. He spoke about how as Moses lifted up
the brasen image of the serpent on a pole in the wilderness, the symbol of the
nation’s sin, even so must the Son of Man, would be lifted up on a cross
as the symbol of the world’s sin (Jn. 3:14).
the mother of James and John talked to Him about her son’s place of
honour in His kingdom the shadow was
there as He spoke of the cup and baptism of suffering that He would
have to drink (Matt. 20:22-23).
the time Peter declared “Thou art
the Christ, the Son of God,” Jesus began to show His disciples how “He must go unto
Jerusalem…suffer many things, and be killed” (Mt. 16:21).
5. TURN >> Lk. 9:30-31 << On
the Mt. of Transfiguration, Jesus met with Moses and Elijah “Who appeared in glory, and spake of
His decease, which He should accomplish
at Jerusalem.” In Mk.
9:9-10, on the way down the mount Jesus “charged” Peter, James and
John “to tell no man what things
they had seen, till the Son of man were risen from the dead.”
a. NOTE: On that Mount, Christ said it was
He who was to ACCOMPLISHED His death. It was planned. It just did not happen!
tells us redemption was obtained with “the
precious blood of Christ…Who verily was foreordained before the
foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you.”
It is by Him we believe in God, who “raised
Him up from the dead, and gave Him glory; that your faith and hope might be in
God” (1 Pet. 1:19-21).
plan was revealed in the 1st message Peter preached in Acts 2.
Pleas TURN >> Acts 2:22-23
c. TURN >> Lk. 9:51 << Knowing
“when time was come that He should
be received up” into glory with the Father, Jesus “steadfastly set His face to go to
d. TURN >> Isa. 50:4-7 << 700
yrs before, Isaiah Prophecies that the breach in relations between God and man
would be healed by the Messiah.
God being His help, He would “set” His “face like a flint” determined to face the suffering
that lied before Him.
to the Father’s will is paramount in His determination.
His face rock hard – “flint”, He will not be turned from one
side or the other.
the Lord God will not “confound” Him, i.e. He will not be
“humiliated, dishonoured and confused” because of His suffering, He
is convinced He will not be “ashamed” for having trusted God.
He’ll not be play the fool and “be disappointed” and
“put to shame” for His suffering.
overriding promise is that shame and reproach, which was to be heaped upon Him
will lead only to greater glory and greater honour for Him.
6. Calvary was the fulfilment of God’s
When Jesus cried on Calvary’s mount, “It
is finished!” it meant that the threat of death and all of the
suffering was now over.
is “Finished” meant not only were Prophecies fulfilled, and the
suffering was over, But that Christ’s work of redemption was
WORK of Christ is now complete.
fulfilled in His death the purpose for which He came, to give His life a ransom
wages were paid: the costly ransom meet.
justice was satisfied: All was done!
the resurrection & ascension were yet to take place, but they are fruit of
what He finished on the cross.
The cross was the
consummation of His earthly work.
means there is nothing that needs to be added to His work on Calvary in order
to redeem mankind.
John 3:8 – “He that committeth sin is of the devil, For the devil sinneth
from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he
might destroy the works of the devil.”
want to add all sorts of things to His work of redemption:
want to add benevolence and good works performed in behalf to their fellow man.
sacraments, baptism, penance, purgatory, pilgrimages, fastings, etc.
are those who believe you must belong to the right Church or religious
denomination without which you have no hope in the hereafter. BUT my Bible
tells me in Eph. 2:12 that those who are “aliens” to the
“covenants and promise” of God’s people, those “having no hope, and without
God in the world” are those who are without Christ!
want to confirm salvation by adding their experiences of speaking in tongues,
seeing visions etc.
am I so foolish to believe the God who can not lie, when He says, “It Is Finished!” that is
exactly what He means?
did NOT say “It is almost
finished.” He is NOT say, “It is nearly finished, or “It will
one day be finished.” BUT He said, “IT IS FINISHED!” Praise
God that it is so!
Christ’s WORK was accomplished, The WILL of God for Him was now finished
1. John 6:38 – “For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the
will of Him that sent me.”
laid aside the robes of royalty and took upon Himself the garments of our
sinful humanity for this purpose.
He was born for
He entered His
ministry for this purpose;
He walked among
men for this purpose;
He sweat blood in
Gethsemane for this purpose;
God prepared Him
a body for this purpose’
He wore the crown
of thorns for this purpose;
He died on
Calvary for this purpose… NOW it
Christ came to seek and to save the lost…now they can be saved!
Lord Jesus came to take away our sins…now He has done so through the
shedding of His precious blood.
The words “It is finished” can
be placed over every part of Jesus’ life.
He performed the WORK of God according to
the WORD of God to provide for you and me the WAY to God.
No man has the right to add a single work
to salvation, After Adam sinned he sought a covering for His sin.
According to OT Law, Israel was to bring
blood sacrifices to make “atonement,” i.e. a covering for sin.
These sacrifices had to be made continually, BUT could never take away the
stain of sin on a man’s soul. When Christ gave up the ghost on the cross,
the Temple’s veil was torn in two and way to the Holy place opened to all
men. Later, Christ entered the Holy of Holies in heaven, where He poured out
His blood on God’s mercy seat. The power of Christ’s blood did not
just cover man’s sin; it washes all of His sin away.
The 3rd stanza of the old hymn
“Jesus Paid It All,” says, “For nothing good have I Whereby
Thy grace to claim— I’ll wash my garments white In the blood of
Jesus paid it all
All to him I owe
Sin had left a crimson stain
Jesus washed it white as snow
it finished for you?
Over 40 yrs. ago it was finished for me.
Jesus died for
our sins, but we will not find that forgiveness until we come to Christ and
accept what He has done for us personally.
Do you know the
victory of having your sins forgiven? If not, you can know that wonderful
Now is the
accepted time, today is the day of salvation. Will you come to the Calvary
you fulfilling the purpose that God has for your life?
“As my Father hath sent me, even so send I you” (Jn. 20:21).
Are you taking
the message of Calvary’s cross to those as the Lord commanded?
Let God have His
way in your life today.
14 April, 2001